Contributions

The World IT Project provides a rich repository of data that will allow a variety of analyses on the state of information technology and its practice in virtually all regions of the world. In general, we conduct three types of studies: single country studies, multiple country studies, and global studies. The multiple country and global studies provide a comparative examination among countries and regions. Furthermore, we provide theoretically grounded explanations of various phenomena and relate them to a variety of antecedents and contextual factors.  Our findings have been presented at international conferences and published in journals.  See the Conference Papers and Journal Papers pages of this site for the latest lists of papers.  We also completed our first book on the subject. Broadly speaking, one can classify the results and analyses from the World IT Project into two types of publications: descriptive and theoretical/relationship. We provide examples of each in the following sections.

Descriptive Studies

While numerous possibilities exists, some of the more promising descriptive studies include identifying differences across various countries and regions of the world in:

  • Organizational IT issues
  • Technology issues
  • Individual IT employee issues
  • IT occupational culture, and
  • National culture values of IT employees versus the general population

One can further divide the dataset for each of these topics by industry, IT role, and gender. As an example, the first two studies listed above are similar to the “key issue” studies published annually in the US (Kappelman et al., 2016) in MIS Quarterly Executive. However, we report results from many countries in the world, group results by various regions, point to similarities and differences between countries and regions, and offer explanations and underlying reasons.

Theoretical/Relationship Studies

In addition to the descriptive studies, our studies focus on the relationships between various constructs and, in many cases, are guided by existing theory.  We group some examples by theme.

Impact of culture:

  • How do espoused national cultural values impact IT occupational culture (ITOC) values (i.e., is ITOC heterogeneous or relatively homogeneous across countries)?
  • Are there clusters of IT roles that have important differences in ITOC values (developers vs. system administrators vs. others)? Do they vary by country?
  • Does personality affect attitudes more than organizational culture? Or vice versa? Does it affect more than espoused national culture?
  • How do organizational culture and national culture impact the perceived importance of security and privacy?
  • Do certain national cultures place more importance on disaster recovery planning than others?

Impact of business environment:

  • How does competitive strategy impact IT organizational structure and/or CIO reporting structure?
  • How does competitive environment impact the perceived importance of business agility and speed to market?
  • Does IT organizational structure and/or CIO reporting relationship impact the perceived importance of IT/Business alignment? Does IT organizational maturity have an influence?
  • What are the economic and political influences on organizational, technology, and individual issues?

Impact in the IT profession:

  • Does the level of IT job satisfaction differ by IT role and by country?
  • Does competitive environment moderate the relationship between organizational culture and job turnover?
  • Does intention to leave the IT profession differ by country, urban/rural location of the firm, gender, age, industry, and organizational maturity?
  • Does the level of technostress differ by country, by industry, and by environmental competitiveness?
  • How do friendship circles impact job satisfaction and/or organizational commitment? Are there differences by gender?
  • What is the relationship between personality, self-efficacy, and work-life balance across countries?

Currently, we have the following works in progress:

  • What are the relationships between job insecurity, job satisfaction, organizational turnover intention, and IT occupation turnover intentions? How are these factors affected if the IT worker was previously laid off from the job? Serenko, Bontis, and Palvia, 2015) have presented a preliminary paper in a conference on this topic.
  • What are the antecedents of turnover and turnaway among IT workers in the context of a national crisis, and how are they affected by age differences? Bellini, Graeml, Moreno, Palvia, and Jacks (2016) have already published a preliminary paper in a conference on this topic.

Of course, we are still formulating more questions. We would encourage our readers to suggest their thoughts on additional theoretical contributions. On occasion, we may even invite others to join in writing research papers.